Olympic National Park


Hoh Rainforest

© Olympic National Park

Pew created this case study using National Park Service deferred maintenance data issued in fiscal year 2015. The information listed here may no longer reflect the NPS site’s current condition or maintenance requirements. To find the most up-to-date information, please use the National Park Repair Needs tool.


Olympic is the most visited park in the Pacific Northwest, with more than 3 million people last year drawn to its sandy beaches, rugged trails, and panoramic views. Spanning nearly 1,500 square miles, it is also among the most ecologically diverse areas managed by the National Park Service (NPS), with temperate rainforests, meadows, alpine ranges, and a sprawling coastline. These landscapes are home to bobcats, bears, cougars, mountain goats, and dozens of other mammals, as well as birds, amphibians, fish, and rare plants, earning it listings as an International Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage site. Despite world-class opportunities for hiking, camping, fishing, and more, Olympic has a nearly $140 million backlog of repair needs.

Ho River Trail temp marker

The park’s trail system has over $5.5 million in deferred maintenance, resulting in temporary markers along the Hoh River Trail.

© The Pew Charitable Trusts

Maintenance challenges

Nearly 90 percent of this backlog is to fix infrastructure that the NPS considers a high priority for visitors’ experience in the park. More than $100 million is needed for transportation, primarily for paved roads. Nearly a third of that is required to repave a section of Highway 101—the main route through the Olympic Peninsula—that runs along Lake Crescent. Repairs to parking lots for campgrounds, ranger stations, and other areas total $3.4 million. And bridges that take visitors over the park’s many creeks require more than $4 million in repairs.

Olympic’s buildings have $11 million in deferred maintenance. This includes upgrading the Port Angeles visitor center, the main portal to the park, to comply with building codes and repairing the visitor center at Hurricane Ridge. The park’s trails, interpretive media, and water systems also need to be refurbished.Stephen Streufert, vice president of education, NatureBridge


To address the deferred maintenance needs at Olympic and other NPS sites in Washington and across the country, Congress should:

  • Ensure that infrastructure initiatives include provisions to address park maintenance.
  • Provide dedicated annual federal funding for national park repairs.
  • Enact innovative policy reforms to ensure that deferred maintenance does not escalate.
  • Provide more highway funding for NPS maintenance needs.
  • Create more opportunities for public-private collaboration and donations to help restore park infrastructure.

Olympic National Park is teeming with wildlife, including deer.

© Olympic National Park

Olympic National Park Facts


Visitor spending $286.8 million
Jobs created by visitor spending 3,842
Economic output $398.7million
Labor income $138.8 million
Visits 3,339,221
Deferred maintenance (fiscal year 2015) $139.8 million

Sources: National Park Service, “Annual Visitation Report by Years: 2006 to 2016,” accessed June 14, 2017, https://irma.nps.gov/Stats/SSRSReports/National Reports/Annual Visitation By Park (1979 - Last Calendar Year); National Park Service, “Visitor Spending Effects,” accessed June 14, 2017, https://www.nps.gov/subjects/socialscience/vse.htm; National Park Service, “NPS Deferred Maintenance Reports,” accessed Aug. 19, 2016, https://www.nps.gov/subjects/plandesignconstruct/defermain.htm

© The Pew Charitable Trusts

The Pew Charitable Trusts works alongside the National Parks Conservation Association, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and other national and local groups to ensure that our national park resources are maintained and protected for future generations to enjoy.

Data Visualization

National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

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Data Visualization

National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

With record crowds contributing to wear and tear and federal funding unreliable, the National Park Service is struggling to keep pace with repairs, estimated at $11.6 billion in fiscal year 2017. Use this tool, based on NPS data, to learn more about deferred maintenance at NPS sites across the county, in your state, and at your favorite park.

The front facade of the Supreme Court of the United States in Washington, DC.

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Fact Sheet

Washington: Why We Need to Fix Our Parks, 2019

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Fact Sheet

National Park Service sites in the state have almost $428 million in deferred maintenance.